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γ-Aminobutyric acid (GABA)--a biological biostimulant and cell signal inducer

release time:2021-11-19


Key words of the passage: gamma-aminobutyric; biological; biostimulant; cell

Gamma-aminobutyric acid is a non-protein amino acid that naturally occurs in biological organisms, and is also an important intracellular signaling molecule. It is abbreviated as GABA. γ-aminobutyric acid is widely found in animals and plants, as a biological biostimulant, a cell signal inducer.

CAS NO.: 56-12-2

Physical and chemical properties:

white or off-white crystalline powder, slightly smelly, slightly bitter taste, strong hygroscopicity, very easily-soluble in water, slightly soluble in hot ethanol, insoluble in cold ethanol, ether and benzene. GABA is acid and alkali resistant with good compound compatibility.

Molecular formula: C4H9NO2

Molecular weight: 130.1

Key words: gamma-aminobutyric acid, processing gamma aminobutyric acid in industry, gamma aminobutyric acid gaba.

Mechanism of action in plants:

1. Adjust osmotic pressure and Ph value

2. Participate in the tricarboxylic acid cycle and promote plant energy metabolism

3. Regulate C / N balance and regulate the level of plant signaling substances (endogenous hormones)

4. Participate in environmental stress response and improve immunity